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Recent research shows one in 150 individuals has an autism spectrum disorder (Centers for Disease Control, 2007). Based on statistics from the U.S. Department of Education and other governmental agencies, autism spectrum disorders are on the rise and are growing at a rate of 10 to 17 percent per year. The incidence is consistent around the globe, but is four times more prevalent in boys than girls. Autism knows no racial, ethnic or social boundaries and family income, lifestyle and educational levels do not affect the chance of the occurrence of an autism spectrum disorder.

VCU Rehabilitation Research Training Center on Workplace Supports and Job Retention Virginia Commonwealth University