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Autism spectrum disorders are lifelong disabilities. There is currently no cure; however, ongoing research has provided a clearer understanding of the disorders and has led to better treatments. Studies have shown that with the appropriate interventions, positive changes in autism’s associated behaviors can occur.

The most effective programs share an emphasis on individualized and intensive interventions. The symptoms associated with autism spectrum disorders contribute to a variety of learning problems that necessitate the use of different instructional approaches. To accommodate the diverse needs of these individuals, effective approaches should be flexible, re-evaluated regularly and provide an individual with opportunities for generalization. While there are differences among these conditions, treatment and educational needs can be very similar.

VCU Rehabilitation Research Training Center on Workplace Supports and Job Retention Virginia Commonwealth University